Aum Marutaatmajaaya Namaha!
Flight to the Sun
Kyatha Sri Rama dhuta, pavanatanubhava,
Sitashokapahari Dashamukha vijayi,
You are known as the son of the wind and messenger of
With red eyes,
Dispeller of the sorrows of Sita and vanquisher of the
And the giver of life to Lakshmana.
Indeed, having both Shiva and Vayu, the wind god, as his illustrious fathers, the monkey Maruti was no ordinary child. He was restless, spirited, energetic, and inquisitive. He was obviously endowed with awesome strength, and the scriptures abound in tales expounding his remarkable feats. One of his most remarkable feats, which is recounted in all his tales, has to do with his jump to the sun. In fact, this amazing achievement is the one that gave him his most popular name--Hanuman.
The baby was a voracious eater. His appetite could never be totally appeased. The poor parents did their best to satisfy him, but he was never completely satisfied and was always demanding more food. By the time he was a year old he started climbing and eating all the fruit in the surrounding area. One day his earthly mother, Anjana, took him with her to the river and allowed him to do whatever mischief he wanted on the banks while she had her bath. After having eaten as many fruits and shoots from the trees as he could get, he was still hungry. Suddenly he spied the huge, orange orb of the sun, which was rising in the sky, and thought to himself that this must be an exceptionally big type of fruit. He called out to his mother to come and have a look at this new fruit. She thought that it must be some fruit on a tree and told him to go for it. The child gave a magnificent leap and soared up to the sky, toward the orb of the sun. When Anjana came out of the river after her bath, she couldn’t see her son and looked anxiously for him. At last she spied him flying toward the sun. She shouted to Kesari to come and see what their son was up to. He jumped toward the little fellow to try and catch him but was unable to do so and fell back dejected. The parents didn’t know what they should do now.
The celestials watched his progress with wonder. “Neither the wind god nor Garuda or even the mind can move as swiftly as this son of Vayu. If this is his speed as a mere babe what will be his speed when he becomes a youth?”
The wind god was also closely following the baby monkey to protect him from the danger of getting scorched. The sun god realized that he was an innocent child. He also knew of the great purpose that Lord Vishnu in his form as Rama would accomplish through him, and thus he did not harm him.
Unfortunately that day happened to coincide with the day of the solar eclipse when the planet Rahu was supposed to swallow the sun. Suddenly Maruti saw Rahu (a malefic planet) shaped like a serpent making his way toward the sun in order to devour him. Mistaking him to be a huge worm, the inquisitive monkey dashed toward him and attempted to catch hold of his tail. Rahu fled for his life and sought shelter at the feet of Indra, the lord of the gods. He spoke angrily to Indra, “You have allotted the sun and the moon to me for appeasing my hunger on certain days, and now I find that my share has been given over to some other creature. Today is the night of the new moon, and this is the day on which I have been told to devour the sun. Now look what’s happened! Here comes another creature coming to thwart me.”
Indra picked up his deadly thunderbolt, mounted his white elephant named Airavata, and went toward the impudent monkey. The clouds rumbled and lightning thundered across the vast skies in an expression of Indra’s wrath. But neither this scary scenario, nor the mighty armed Indra on his high mount, was sufficient to induce even a trace of fear in the heart of the little monkey. On the contrary, the spectacle only added fuel to his excitement. He decided that an elephant was just what he needed as a vehicle and tried to grab it. He caught hold of its trunk and leaped on its back. Taken aback by the sudden appearance of a baby monkey behind his back, Indra was all set to strike him with his thunderbolt. Vayu arrived on the scene at the opportune moment and tried to stop him, but Indra was not to be deterred.
“He is only a child! What sort of a god are you that you are prepared to wage war against a small child?”
Indra retorted, “He may be a child, but he tried to swallow Surya and catch hold of Rahu, and I merely came to their aid.”
Vayu did his best to dissuade him, but Indra hit Maruti on the chin with his bolt and left a mark on it forever. Hence Anjana’s child got the name Hanuman. Hanu means “chin” in Sanskrit. However, even Indra’s thunderbolt was unable to kill him, though the impact threw him off the back of the elephant. As the little monkey hurtled through the air unconscious, his father Vayu sprang to his rescue and caught him in midair.
Aum Sri Hanumathe Namaha!