from Chapter 1: The Modern World and Traditional Man
This book sets out to study some of the ways in which the present age appears essentially as an age of dissolution. At the same time, it addresses the question of what kind of conduct and what form of existence are appropriate under the circumstances for a particular human type.
This restriction must be kept in mind. What I am about to say does not concern the ordinary man of our day. On the contrary, I have in mind the man who finds himself involved in today’s world, even at its most problematic and paroxysmal points; yet he does not belong inwardly to such a world, nor will he give in to it. He feels himself, in essence, as belonging to a different race from that of the overwhelming majority of our contemporaries. The natural place for such a man, the land in which he would not be a stranger, is the world of Tradition. . . .
Everything that has come to predominate in the modern world is the exact antithesis of any traditional type of civilization. Moreover, the circumstances make it increasingly unlikely that anyone, starting from the values of Tradition (even assuming that one could still identify and adopt them), could take actions or reactions of a certain efficacy that would provoke any real change in the current state of affairs. After the last worldwide upheavals, there seems to be no starting point either for nations or for the vast majority of individuals--nothing in the institutions and general state of society, nor in the predominant ideas, interests, and energies of this epoch.
Nevertheless, a few men exist who are, so to speak, still on their feet among the ruins and the dissolution, and who belong, more or less consciously, to that other world. A little group seems willing to fight on, even in lost positions. . . But this does not resolve the practical, personal problem--apart from the case of the man who is blessed with the opportunity for material isolation--of those who cannot or will not burn their bridges with current life, and who must therefore decide how to conduct their existence, even on the level of the most elementary reactions and human relations.
This is precisely the type of man that the present book has in mind. To him applies the saying of a great precursor: “The desert encroaches. Woe to him whose desert is within!” He can in truth find no further support from without. There no longer exist the organizations and institutions that, in a traditional civilization and society, would have allowed him to realize himself wholly, to order his own existence in a clear and unambiguous way, and to defend and apply creatively in his own environment the principal values that he recognizes within himself. . .
There is an important point to clarify at the outset regarding the attitude to be taken toward “survivals.” Even now, especially in Western Europe, there are habits, institutions, and customs from the world of yesterday (that is, from the bourgeois world) that have a certain persistence. . . . This is not what I call the world of Tradition. Socially, politically, and culturally, what is crashing down is the system that took shape after the revolution of the Third Estate and the first industrial revolution, even though there were often mixed up in it some remnants of a more ancient order, drained of their original vitality.
What kind of relationship can the human type whom I intend to treat here have with such a world?
The answer to this question can only be negative. The human type I have in mind has nothing to do with the bourgeois world. He must consider everything bourgeois as being recent and antitraditional, born from processes that in themselves are negative and subversive.
. . .It is good to sever every link with all that which is destined sooner or later to collapse. The problem will then be to maintain one’s essential direction without leaning on any given or transmitted form, including forms that are authentically traditional but belong to past history. . . . As we shall soon see, the support that Tradition can continue to give does not refer to positive structures, regular and recognized by some civilization already formed by it, but rather to that doctrine that contains its principles only in their superior, preformal state, anterior to the particular historical formulations: a state that in the past had no pertinence to the masses, but had the character of an esoteric doctrine.
from Chapter 2: The End of a Cycle
. . .The phrase chosen as title of this book, “Ride the Tiger,” may serve as a transition between what has been said hitherto, and this other order of ideas. The phrase is a Far Eastern saying, expressing the idea that if one succeeds in riding a tiger, not only does one avoid having it leap on one, but if one can keep one’s seat and not fall off, one may eventually get the better of it. . .
This symbolism is applicable at various levels. First, it can refer to a line of conduct in the interior, personal life; then to the appropriate attitude in the face of critical, historical, and collective situations. . . . In the classical world, it was presented in terms of humanity’s progressive descent from the Golden Age to what Hesiod called the Iron Age. In the corresponding Hindu teaching, the final age is called the Kali Yuga (Dark Age). Its essential quality is emphatically said to be a climate of dissolution, in which all the forces--individual and collective, material, psychic, and spiritual--that were previously held in check by a higher law and by influences of a superior order pass into a state of freedom and chaos.
Part 1: Orientations
1. The Modern World and Traditional Man
2. The End of a Cycle--"Ride the Tiger"
Part 2: In the World Where God Is Dead
3. European Nihilism--The Dissolution of Morals
4. From the Precursors of Nihilism to the "Lost Youth" and the Protest Movement
5. Disguises of European Nihilism--The Socioeconomic Myth and the Protest Movement
6. Active Nihilism--Nietzsche
7. "Being Oneself"
8. The Transcendent Dimension--"Life" and "More Than Life"
9. Beyond Theism and Atheism
10. Invulnerability--Apollo and Dionysus
11. Acting without Desire--The Causal Law
Part 3: The Dead End of Existentialism
12. Being and Inauthentic Existence
13. Sartre: Prisoner without Walls
14. Existence, "A Project Flung into the World"
15. Heidegger: "Retreating Forwards" and "Being-for-Death"--Collapse of Existentialism
Part 4: Dissolution of the Individual
16. The Dual Aspect of Anonymity
17. Destructions and Liberations in the New Realism
18. The "Animal Ideal"--The Sentiment of Nature
Part 5: Dissolution of Consciousness and Relativism
19. The Procedures of Modern Science
20. Covering up Nature--Phenomenology
Part 6: The Realm of Art--From "Physical" Music to the Drug Regime
21. The Sickness of European Culture
22. Dissolution in Modern Art
23. Modern Music and Jazz
24. Excursus on Drugs
Part 7: Dissolution in the Social Realm
25. States and Parties--Apoliteia
26. Society--The Crisis of Patriotic Feeling
27. Marriage and the Family
28. Relations between the Sexes
Part 8: The Spiritual Problem
29. The "Second Religiosity"
30. Death--The Right over Life
Richard Smoley, in Parabola